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    Bituach Leumi – National Insurance Institute of Israel Long-Term Care Benefit: an Explanation

    Persons elgible for Bituach Leumi’s Long-Term Care Benefit will receive nursing services assisting them in daily functions and household management

    Last update: 10/01/21

    Who is eligible for Bituach Leumi’s Long-Term Care Benefit ?

    A resident of Israel, who have reached retirement age, and are dependent on others for assistance in daily living activities, or needs supervision, is eligible for the long-term care benefit of Bituach Leumi.

    Eligibility requirements for Bituach Leumi’s Long-Term Care Benefit

    * Residing in the community – the benefit is intended only for elderly people living in their own home or in a retirement home (not in an institution).

    * Income Test – eligibility for the benefit and its exact  rate are  determined through an Income Test.  A person whose income is above the upper limit set by Bituach Leumi will receive only half the benefit, or none at all.  In calculating the benefit, the spouse’s income is also taken into account (the long-term care benefit is not  intended only for people in the low income range).

    * The elderly person is not receiving the Sherutim Meyuchadim (special services) stipend from Bituach Leumi, or the Ezra L’azulat  (helping others) stipend from the Ministry of Defense.

    *The elderly person is found to be  greatly dependent on others in  performing daily living activities.

    In cases where the individual’s functioning is temporarily impaired,  the benefit will be provided for a limited period of time. Eligibility is determined by a “dependence  evaluation”, conducted by an assessor from  Bituach Leumi (usually a nurse or a physiotherapist)  in a home visit.

    Congratulations! You are 90!

    Individuals who are 90 years old or over may choose to  undergo  a functionality evaluation conducted by a geriatric specialist* instead of the dependence evaluation.  The geriatirc physician is required to fill in Appendix C in the  Long-Term Care Benefit claim form, and attach a document containing  medical information from the  patient’s pesonal doctor.

    * The law specifies that this evaluation may only be conducted by a geriatrician employed  by: a ‘public medical institution’ owned by the government, one of the Kupot Holim or a local authority, or a corporation which is a public institution.

    Note: An individual who has already undergone a dependence evaluation by a nurse from Bituach Leumi, may submit a geriatrician’s functional evaluation only six months later.

    Long term care benefit for Blind People

    An elderly individual defined by Bituach Leumi as ‘solitary’ (for example: lives alone, with a spouse eligible for the Long Term Care Benefit, with a disabled child), who has a Blind Person’s Certificate or a letter from a physician attesting to his/her blindeness, autamatically receives 9.75 points for the Long Term Care Benefit, without a dependency evaluation (a claim for the Long Term Care Benefit must be filed). A person who is not defined as solitary and has a Blind Person’s Certificate will be examined, and will then receive the Benefit based on the awarded points.

    Short term care from  Bituach Leumi

    People who need immediate short-term care (9.75 hours a week for up to 60 days) can request “short term care” from Bituach Leumi.  This often occurs after a period of regular hospitalization (not rehabilitation), or hospitalization as a result of breaking an arm or leg or pneumonia with high fever.  The applicant  must submit the regular request form for  Bituach Leumi’s long-term care benefit.   A professional medical evaluation must be attached to the request form, and the claims clerk at Bituach Leumi will decide, according to the medical recommendation, whether the benefit will be given on a short-term basis.  This form can be submitted through the hospital social worker . Eligibility for the  short term care benefit will be immediately effective upon returning home.

    Benefit continued for 14 days during hospitalization

    In the past, when an elderly person  receiving the long-term care benefit  was hospitalized, the benefit would be suspended until his  release.  However, a 1995 amendment to the Bituach Leumi Act specifies that  an elderly person hospitalized in  a  hospital (excluding long-term care, rehabilitative and mental institutions)  is entitled to the benefit during the first 14 days of his hospitalization.  If he  remains in hospital for more than 14 days, the benefit  is suspended  after this period of time,  and renewed  upon his release.

    Degrees of Bituach Leumi’s Long-Term Care Benefit

    The benefit is determined according to a score attained in Bituach Leumi’s dependence evaluation (January 2020)

    A Level 1 long-term care benefit is granted to those who have accumulated in the functioning capacity examination. If you were granted a Level 1 long-term care benefit, You can receive 5 and a half hours personal home assistance per week.

    A Level 2 long-term care benefit is granted to those who have scored between 3.5 and 4.5 dependency pointsin the functioning capacity examination. If you were granted a Level 2 long-term benefit – you will receive 10 care hours per week.

    A Level 3 long-term care benefit is granted to those who have scored between 5 and 6 dependency points in functioning capacity examination. If you were granted a Level 3 long-term benefit – you will receive 15 care hours per week, and if you employ a foreign worker, 12 hours per week.

    A Level 4 long-term care benefit is granted to those who have scored between 6.5 and 7.5 dependency points in the functioning capacity examination or 6 points before 1.11.2018. If you were granted a Level 4 long-term care benefit – you will receive 20 care hours per week, and if you employ a foreign worker, 17 hours per week

    A Level 5 long-term care benefit is granted to those who have scored between 8 and 9 dependency points in the functioning capacity examination. If you were granted a Level 5 long-term care benefit – you will receive 25 care hours per week, and if you employ a foreign worker, 21 hours per week

    A Level 6 long-term care benefit is granted to those who have scored between 9.5 and 10.5 dependency points in  functioning capacity examination. If you were granted a Level 6 long-term benefit – you will receive 30 care hours per week, and if you employ a foreign worker, 26 hours per week.

    Receiving the long term benefit in cash

    A person who is entitled to a long-term care benefit who employ a full- time caregiver (foreign or Israeli)  for at least 12 hours a day for 6 days a week, under certain circumstances ,can choose to receive their benefit in cash, and employ the caregiver privately. they can also choose to continue employing the caregiver with the manpower company.

    In order to receive the long-term benefit in cash, the applicant must meet certain conditions: the caretaker must be over 18 years of age, and cannot be a relative of the recipient; the caretaker must be employed  and paid wages, based on a written contract; the employer must have a permit to employ a foreign worker; and the worker must have a legal permit to stay in Israel.

    A person who choose to receive the long term benefit in cash, can also recieve the other long term services such as- a presonal alarm unit, absorbent products, laundry services and visits to a day care center.

    Cost of the chosen services will be deducted from the cash benefit payment received by the family.

    How to claim the long-term care benefit from Bituach Leumi

    To receive the long-term care benefit from Bituach Leumi, you must fill out a claim for long-term care benefit form, and submit it to the claims clerk at the Bituach Leumi branch near your home.  If you find it difficult to fill out the form you can get help from the claims clerk, the Counseling Service for the Elderly at the Bituach Leumi branch or  a  nursing care agency.  The form must include a written medical opinion from the applicant’s physician. Proof of income documents must be attached.

    It is a good idea to request, on the form, that the nurse’s home visit  should be arranged with a member of the family.

    The assessor visit to the home of the elderly person

    It is very important that you or another family member who is aware of your elderly relative’s condition be present during the visit of the Bituach Leumi assessor.

    When the assessor arrives,  ask to see her Bituach Leumi worker’s identification.

    It is essential to understand that Bituach Leumi’s  long-term care benefit is given on the basis of the person’s  level of functioning in daily living activities,  rather than his  overall health. It is therefore important to stress the difficulties experienced daily by your elderly relative.

    The law defines eligibility for Bituach Leumi’s long-term care benefit based on the person’s independence at home only, and not outside. Thus  mobility  limitations outside the home are irrelevant.  The dependence evaluation examines the person’s ability to dress, bathe, eat, use the bathroom and walk inside the home,  as well as his need for supervision at home for his own safety (due to  deteriorating memory or other psycho-geriatric conditions that endanger him or his environment).


    If the maximum long-term care benefit has not been granted by  Bituach Leumi, and the elderly person’s condition deteriorates, you can contact Bituach Leumi and request a re-evaluation due to deterioration.  This application must  include the appropriate documents, confirming the deterioration in the person’s daily functioning.

    Procedures for appeal when an application has been denied

    1. Appeal –  The appellant  may appeal in writing , enclosing  relevant documents, directly to one of three appeal committees operating in three  main Bituach Leumi branches:

    * The Haifa branch – for people residing in northern Israel

    * The Ramla branch – for people residing in the central region

    * The Beersheba branch – for people residing in the south of Israel

    In this way one may appeal Bituach Leumi decisions regarding  initial applications for long-term care benefits, as well as applications for increasing the allotted  number of weekly home-care hours due to a deterioration in the elderly person’s condition.  The appeal should be made as soon as possible after receiving the negative response from Bituach Leumi. (This is to prevent situations in which the committee decides that the  applicant’s condition has worsened  and requires him to submit a new application).

    Please note: the three branches mentioned above receive appeals  from many different  places in their regions, and therefore the processing of appeals  takes a long time.  The  Bituach Leumi does not place a time limit on the  processing of appeals.

    1. Repeated application – If an elderly person’s request for the long-term care benefit was turned down, and later his condition deteriorated, he may apply to Bituach Leumi for reavaluation. Medical documents attesting to this deterioration should be attached to the request. Social workers or nurses from the person’s Kupat Holim can be very helpful,  and should be consulted.
    2. Filing a complaint – complaints about the committee’s decision with regard to an elderly person’s entitement to the long-term care benefit may be  submitted  to the claims clerk in the local branch of Bituach Leumi, closest to his place of residence.

    What services does  the long-term care benefit include?

    The following is a list of services available to recipients of the long-term care benefit l- as long as they can be provided in their home communities:

    * The assistance of a home caregiver in daily living activities (dressing, bathing, eating, bathroom assistance, walking inside the home), managing the home, and needed supervision.  The quota of hours can be exchanged for payment to a foreign worker who is legally employed to care for the person.

    * One working hour of the caregiver = one weekly home care hour.

    * Care in a Daycare Center for the Elderly: The person can visit a daycare center for up to 5 days a week. Optionally,  the hours allowed by the benefit can be split between home care and days spent in the daycare center.

    Services provided at the daycare center: bathing, supervision, recreational activities, hot meals and social interaction, as well as transportation to and from the daycare center.

    • * Visit price varies according to the benefit level you were granted (January 2020)

    Levels 1 to 3 – one visit per week at daycare center is worth 2 hours of home care per week.

    Levels 4 to 6 – one visit per week at daycare center is worth 2.45 hours of home care per week.

    If you are entitled to a level 2 long-term care benefit, you can visit daycare center for the elderly once a week, and receive 8 hours of weekly home care hours, instead of the 10 hours per week to which you are entitled.

    Admission requires payment of a NIS 15 additional fee per visit.

    * A supply of absorbency products such as adult diapers, absorbent pads, sheets, etc.  These products are provided to the elderly person according to his needs,  and delivered to his home once a month.  The value of the products is determined individually  for  every person, vis-à-vis home care hours. Products may be ordered directly from companies listed by the Bituach Leumi.

    * Laundry service: Laundry is taken from the person’s home and returned clean.  Up to 5 kg is considered one laundry unit. To check the value of laundry services in care hours, please consult the social worker at the social services department in your local authority. Usually one laundry unit is equal to 1.25 weekly hours.

    * Usually one laundry unit = about 1.25 home care hours.

    * Emergency alarm button: The alarm button makes it possible for the elderly person to contact an emergency call center simply by pressing the button, 24 hours a day.

     The call center can order the following for the subscriber: doctor, ambulance, fire department, home repairman, etc.  Payment for these services is decided directly with the professional.  The fee for an ambulance is the same as set by the health funds.

    * The emergency alarm button- To check the value of an emergency alarm button in care hours, please consult the social worker at the social services department in your local authority. Usually the button is equal to 0.25 weekly hours.

    The social worker in your local authority’s Social Services office determines, together with the elderly person and his relatives, which services they would like to use.  In other words, the care program of your elderly relative is a joint decision.  The social worker also establishes the contact between the elderly person and his family and the service providers.

    Assistance before long-term care benefit is granted

    This service makes it possible to have a caregiver at home right away, until  assistance from  Bituach Leumi is approved.  The service is provided for a limited period of time, based on professional considerations. It is free of charge, at the expense of the home care agency.  The agency can also assist you in applying to the Bituach Leumi.

    The information presented in the english website is partial. For full info please visit our hebrew website

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